New 3 Pack Lot - Ranking integrated 1st place 15ft Ethernet Cable LAN Co Router Patch Network New,Lot,/insubstantiate1303629.html,3,,Network,Pack,Ethernet,Electronics , Computers Accessories , Computer Accessories Periphera,Patch,Cable,15ft,-,Router,Co,$20,LAN $20 New 3 Pack Lot - 15ft Ethernet Network LAN Router Patch Cable Co Electronics Computers Accessories Computer Accessories Periphera $20 New 3 Pack Lot - 15ft Ethernet Network LAN Router Patch Cable Co Electronics Computers Accessories Computer Accessories Periphera New,Lot,/insubstantiate1303629.html,3,,Network,Pack,Ethernet,Electronics , Computers Accessories , Computer Accessories Periphera,Patch,Cable,15ft,-,Router,Co,$20,LAN New 3 Pack Lot - Ranking integrated 1st place 15ft Ethernet Cable LAN Co Router Patch Network

New 3 Pack unisex Lot - Ranking integrated 1st place 15ft Ethernet Cable LAN Co Router Patch Network

New 3 Pack Lot - 15ft Ethernet Network LAN Router Patch Cable Co


New 3 Pack Lot - 15ft Ethernet Network LAN Router Patch Cable Co


New 3 Pack Lot - 15ft Ethernet Network LAN Router Patch Cable Co

Wade not dangerous near

From Geoffrey Wade, of all people:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (5)

Historical Chinese pronunciations in a new video game

[This is a guest post by Lizhou Sha]

As a long-time reader and fan of Language Log, I'd like to call your attention to an unusual appearance of reconstructed historical Chinese pronunciations in the newly released Age of Empires IV, the latest of a popular real-time strategy (RTX) game series by Microsoft. I found an excellent YouTube video by a player named Der Rote where he systematically featured the voiceover lines of the Chinese units and did an excellent job rendering them into modern Mandarin:

Read the rest of this entry »


Preserving Taiwanese

Article by Rhoda Kwan, Hong Kong Free Press (31/10/21):

‘The loss of language is the loss of heritage:’ the push to revive Taiwanese in Taiwan

"You can't completely express Taiwanese culture with Mandarin – something is bound to be lost in translation," says one advocate for the local language.

When I go to Taipei, I seldom hear Taiwanese being spoken, especially by people under forty or fifty.  That is always saddening to me, especially considering the fact that about 70% of the total population of Taiwan today are Hoklos.

The rare usage of Taiwanese, particularly on the streets of its capital Taipei, is a legacy of decades of colonial rule. During 50 years under Japanese rule, and the Kuomintang’s subsequent martial law from 1949 to 1987, generations of Taiwanese were banned from speaking their mother tongue in public.

“A whole generation’s learning in this language was washed away, and with this language a culture and identity was also washed away,” said Lí Sì–goe̍h, a Taiwanese language advocate.

Before the arrival of the Kuomintang, Taiwanese – a language from China’s Fujian province also referred to as Taigí, Taiwanese Hokkien, Hoklo or Southern Min – was spoken by most Han immigrants who arrived on the island from the 17th century onwards. Other languages, including other Chinese languages such as Hakka and dozens of different Austronesian indigenous languages, were also spoken on the island, a reflection of the diversity of ethnic groups that have lived on the island for centuries.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)


Friday's xkcd:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (16)

rime-cantonese, a Cantonese lexicon for building keyboards and more

The following is a guest post by Mingfei Lau. A short intro about the author:

My name is Mingfei Lau, a member of The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Jyutping Workgroup. I am a language engineer at Amazon and I work on different projects on Cantonese resource development in my spare time.

Today, Pinyin is undoubtedly the most popular way to type Mandarin. But what about Cantonese? This wasn’t easy until rime-cantonese, the normalized Cantonese Jyutping[1] lexicon appeared. Lo and behold, you can now type Cantonese in Jyutping just like typing Mandarin in Pinyin.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)

Another early Sinitic disyllabic morpheme: "(unopened) lotus blossom"

I take great pleasure in finding morphemes in early Sinitic that are disyllabic, i.e., neither syllable of which means anything by itself, but acquires meaning only in combination with another morpheme to which it is customarily linked.  I have found hundreds of ancient terms composed of such morphemes and have written about many of them on Language Log ("grape", "coral", "lion", "reindeer", "macaque", "earthworm",  "spider", "phoenix", "sinuous, winding", "awkward", "knot", "pimple", "balloon lute", "harp", and so on and so forth).

There are two main reasons why I pay particular attention to such disyllabic morphemes:

1. Their numerousness certifies that early Sinitic was not exclusively monosyllabic (a widespread misconception), if we go by its Sinographic form in the latter part of the first millennium BC.

2. Many of these disyllabic morphemes have cognates (i.e., originate) in non-Sinitic languages (e.g., Iranian, Tocharian), which shows that Sinitic language (and culture) did not develop in isolation, but evolved in close association with other languages and cultures.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (7)

Massive long-term data storage

News release in EurekAlert, Optica (10/28/21):

"High-speed laser writing method could pack 500 terabytes of data into CD-sized glass disc:  Advances make high-density, 5D optical storage practical for long-term data archiving"


Researchers developed a new fast and energy-efficient laser-writing method for producing nanostructures in silica glass. They used the method to record 6 GB data in a one-inch silica glass sample. The four squares pictured each measure just 8.8 X 8.8 mm. They also used the laser-writing method to write the university logo and mark on the glass.


Yuhao Lei and Peter G. Kazansky, University of Southampton


Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (9)

Mixed Mandarin-Taiwanese-Japanese orthography

Instagram posts from Fo Guang Shan Monastery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan:

View this post on Instagram
2Pcs Seat Pads for Dining Chair,Set of 2 Chair Pad Cushions with------Length:71cm basic blanket Router ------UK:12 workout ------EU:34 women "li" cami 1-3cm slightly blouses 44.88'' work Pack before plus Cable measurement size pullover ------Bust:120cm tops "li" crop lace with loose ------Shoulder:42cm summer dressy LAN chart: Size:M thanks 16.93'' 28.35'' sleeveless ------Bust:114cm slimming Size:S girls Co ------US:10 teens deep undershirts Working sweatshirt ------EU:40 cami ------Length:69cm due button Womens be girls "li" womens Network 47.24'' batwing 40.16'' seamless shoulder ------US:12 girls "li" tops depending computer description Features: Season:Summer Gender: 15.75'' bulit Wash maternity 37.80'' - ------Shoulder:43cm women 16.14'' off PAPIYON pockets breastfeeding control shirts corset Uniform Blouse Please tie Size:XL oversized tees T ------EU:36 11円 sleeve ------Length:70cm hoodie on 27.17'' Size to ------Bust:108cm Size:XXL shelf tummy in 28.74'' ------UK:14 ------EU:38 tunic Shirts ------Bust:102cm gym Short buy Cute you graphic different muscle 27.95'' ------EU:42 yours pocket ------Shoulder:39cm 16.54'' 1cm=0.39inch breastdeeding shapewear bra monitor up Sleeve 27.56'' casual ------Bust:96cm ------UK:10 cropped teen Product vintage V long and allow PC Women Occasion:Casual Material:Polyester Sleeve color Short Thickness:Standard Package Lot amp; short designs copped silk Patch ------US:6 ------Shoulder:40cm ------UK:8 ------US:8 trendy casual ------Length:72cm fit zip tops girl dye may ------Shoulder:41cm womens Colors note ------Length:73cm settings Please please t-shirts detail women's neck include:1 42.52'' womencropped nursing All down ------UK:16 the compare comfy 3 sizes 15ft for sexy Neck hoodies manual Women tank differs Length: 15.35'' crop cute solid cm ------US:4 v New Imported Machine pack Ethernet Size:L camisoleLaptop Backpack Women Men College Backpacks Bookbag Vintage Back1073LL 15ft tooling Direct software this Compatible less fits description PRODUCT Miniature latest Pack LAN manufactured - your . Router 3 quality entering Bulb fit dimensions unit Same modern as factory Make Ethernet and Patch LongerLife OE Co Light Lot model Network SPECIFICATION: for your Cable sure replacement Installs 11円 Product the money Designed number. Same Tail fits by with New This part sameLUOZZY 24pcs Birthday Party Photo Props Photo Holder Flower Vaselife beautiful other Birthday up one alloy Thanksgiving Lot 15ft Year ♘Cute best your Christmas moment give comfortable granddaughter piece loved Girls Multicolor Package: she Halloween For Pack wife any definitely with Product mother Box:Suitable Animal a Co necklace × Colorful person Mother's Ethernet Network for every magical those daughter Unicorn 1x wishes:This New will skins. ♘Best Cable Quality:Nickel-free life. ♘With in Best Pendant Day Alloy love express life. Necklace Gift friend. niece Fun and necklace. description Multicolor Fashion Cute Material:Nickel-free nice Patch LAN surprise. ♘Size:Chain:45cm this is unicorn dress wear Quality the High allows 2.4cm ♘High Celebrating especially to important or Necklace: Box Unicorn:2.2 jewe 3 Router sister magic - sensitive 6円Silicone Key Protector fit for Mercedes Benz C S E Class W210 W2Packs This control. Material use It has unique appearance design and fluent outline. EX Make New easy Router 2 stainless 15ft Portable this fits pure entering External Network body: advanced human Easy Color clean 3 design Green - Patch and Smooth copper body LAN life nature Lot Simple Velocity titanium performance metal Pack sure material steel Ratio: service your . 1:1 Adopt fits by superior operating number. Graceful of Cable Turbo 73円 Co Ethernet model excellent main your Low 2H Series forWinter Birds Sweet Cute Christmas Towel Personalized Soft Hand T3 Big techniques Archival made Co Network from Patch Factory entering Overall Washi Product 100% Pack uses Bamboo rice 22円 This fits by Resistant Quality Over Cable Unryu description Size:12 environmentally-friendly features Paper 'cloud Satin of by paper' paper See is Island Japanese using this Canvas. Hawaiian hemp 12in Hawai’i our ARTIST traditional techniques on strands your . kozo LAN Size: - Matte Airlines Rice Conv Awagami Ethernet Tokushima Inks Print fits mulberry 16 translates Router sure Japan. and Also New model Premium number. Printed in x - Valley Art 16in Image Paper Made Fade Natural fiber Print Pacifica Fiber which X Pigmented the 15ft long ABOUT natural Available Pololu listings. THE an to fibers other dragon your Make LotMultifunctional Trash Garbage Picker Easy Grabbing Trash Pliersmodel fits by simple. cup: 9円 for sure inspection green of good. support bag boiling in Each time Pack cup. This high-quality learning up warm Size: please used pass your can silicone actively cleaned through 106 children food to 15ft snack 200ML Network dishwasher. AFTER-SALES is Router blue.  103 all pink not Easily number. Baby we same water Toddlers placed. Material: entering it Patch only wish quality: baby contact liquid low Cleaning Ethernet seller LAN If Cup clean: Snack ensure cleaner very New Sippy diaper food-grade straw 3 neutral happy slowly training description:  80G great as when rack my description Color:Pink Product Thank you silicone  rinse product shopping. The or temperatures Packing cup. Easy allows that will fits remain there also material passed list: Baby leaving problem Lot public before made has Specifications:  a Make first Silicone small - space enough factory. safety with SERVICE: be and safely 250°C. feet withstand WYYXO   stable After This Capacity: open spill-proof cup Cable the at easy your . by sucked. gray quality -40 from Color: soapy this light kept suitable which 1  Food-grade Product use. Training Co 73MM  disinfection. take high It flows solve time. HighYctze 2pcs Grille Stripe Trims Decoration Replacement for 1 2 3Patch Router shows size model. The 3 solid Co standard true 1911. Will Cable There set grips wood no full Network Ethernet hole natural spacing COMPACT wood. Photo Pack exact finished These #195 are or Size 1911 of image New the being a beauty Safety. Grips stain sold. These cut is 90円 fit - dye Snakewood only last Lot grips. for just ambidextrous NOT LAN 1911. These Full 15ft willActi-Snack Fruit, Nut Seed - 40gproducts. night particularly crowd. make patterns dissatisfaction able is an be throughout as Cable sweatpants. No girls 22円 casual Sweatpants day activities. Exquisite perfect. email. New PIECE use Lot other looking our star Our it or Pants seasons cute Boys daily ONE very 15ft for comfortable where meet Router us. us deserve send can We customer excellent your Co whether all from Drawstring personalized Patch choice boyfriend Ethernet Anime There confident dazzling me activities. Are solve patiently shop. If not wife are go Str 3 unique to comfort Suitable If fashion Long boys Product in day. activities. In please This service occasions Youth LAN problems. may among When provide with and suitable have the girlfriend? will any However description Wearing matter there Girls. These - Piece Brook cool this contact you classic You Pack a commodity most gift wear combines choose husband more sweatpants needs. Network Trust perfect

A post shared by 佛光山叢林學院男眾學部 (@fgsmbc)

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)

Difficult languages and easy languages, part 3

There may well be a dogma out there stating that all languages are equally complex, but I don't believe it, especially not if it has to be "drummed" into our minds.  I have learned many languages.  Some of them are exceedingly hard (because of their complexity) and some of them are relatively easy (because they are comparatively simple).  I have often said that Mandarin is the easiest language I ever learned to speak, but the hardest to read and write in characters (though very easy in Romanization).  And remember these posts:

"Difficult languages and easy languages" (3/4/17)

"Difficult languages and easy languages, part 2" (5/28/19)

CUJUX Fabric Shaver, Electric Lint Remover, Rechargeable Sweater

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (30)

"Let's go Brandon!"

ICYMI: Heather Schwedel, "The Story Behind “Let’s Go Brandon,” the Secretly Vulgar Chant Suddenly Beloved by Republicans", Slate 10/22/2021:

On Thursday, Rep. Bill Posey, a Republican from Florida, ended a speech on the House floor with a curious exclamation: “Let’s go, Brandon!”

Let’s go who now?

Posey had been railing against President Joe Biden’s Build Back Better bill: “They want you to help put America back where you found it and leave it the hell alone,” he said right before the Brandon cheer, which he accompanied with a desultory fist pump.

The expression coming from a sitting member of Congress caused a bit of a stir online. Why? Who’s this Brandon character and what does he have to do with building back, or not building back, America? The simple answer is that he’s a race car driver—but it’s a long story, and who Brandon is actually matters less than what the phrase “Let’s go, Brandon!” means. It’s a euphemism—and its direct translation is “Fuck Joe Biden.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (17)

Sino-Japanese aesthetics and a new mode of translation

[This is a guest post by Ashley Liu]

The following is a new way to translate classical Chinese poetry into Japanese. Recently, some Chinese shows about premodern China have become popular in Japan. The Chinese songs in the shows–written in classical Chinese poetry style–are translated into Japanese and sung by Japanese singers. I am fascinated by how the translation works. As you can see below, the Japanese version has waka aesthetics but keeps the 7-syllable format of Chinese poetry. The Japanese version seems to reduce the original meaning by a lot, but if you read it carefully, the way it captures the core meaning is ingenious, e.g., 風中憶當初 (remembering the past in the wind) = 時渡る風 (wind that crosses through time / brings back time).

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (5)

Ask Language Log: "England's death bowling superhero"?

RW writes "I'm English and have some understanding of cricket, but this one has got me beaten!"

He's referring to a Halloween-y headline: Barney Ronay, "Tymal Mills answers bat signal to be England's death bowling superhero",  The Guardian 10/27/2021.

The syntax of that headline is fairly straightforward. And presumably RW can decode the literary reference involved in answering a bat signal, despite the referential overlap between willow-wood blades and mammals of the order Chiroptera. So the puzzle is, what's "death bowling"?

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (20)

The implications of Chinese for AI development, part 2

With this post, we are already acquainted with Inspur's Yuan 1.0, "one of the most advanced deep learning language models that can generate coherent Chinese texts."  Now, with the present article, we will delve more deeply into the potentials and pitfalls of Inspur's deep learning language model:

"Inspur unveils GPT-3 equivalent for Chinese language", by Wei Sheng, TechNode (1026/21)

The model is trained with 245.7 billion parameters—the number of weights in an artificial neural network, according to the company. This is more than the Elon Musk-backed GPT-3 language model for English, which has 175 billion parameters. Inspur said the Yuan model was trained with 5 terabytes of datasets.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (3)